Урок-путешествие "Соединённое Королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии"
Урок-путешествие "Соединённое Королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии" Лобкова Елена Владимировна Класс: 6 класс Предмет: английский язык Цель: составление конструктивно-практического проекта с элементами исследования. Познавательный аспект: 1. Развитие учебно-информационных умений и навыков (умение читать с извлечением основной и полной информации). • Полное и точное понимание несложного аутентичного и адаптированного текста. • Умение анализировать отдельные места текста и делать выборочный перевод. • Умение ориентироваться в лингвистических особенностях языка. 2. Развитие коммуникативных умений и навыков. • Умение кратко передать основную мысль прочитанного с опорой на текст. • Умение отвечать на вопросы. • Умение составлять монологическое высказывание по опорам. 3. Развитие проектно-творческих умений. • Умение самостоятельно и творчески находить решение проблемы. • Умение вести деловую активность в языковой сфере по заданной теме. • Умение составлять конструктивно-практический проект (коллаж). Воспитательный аспект: развитие личностно значимой, познавательной мотивации учащихся; развитие способности к взаи-модействию и сотрудничеству в процессе решения проектно-исследовательских и проектно-творческих задач. Социокультурный аспект: расширить общий, социальный, кругозор учащихся; научить терпеливо относиться к особенностям поведения представителей другой культуры; учить объективно оценивать культурные феномены, представленные в разных лингвокультурных контекстах жизнедеятельности. Языковой материал: фразы-клише, слова и выражения по теме. Форма: виртуальная экскурсия по Соединённому Королевству Великобритании и Северной Ирлан-дии. Необходимые ресурсы, материалы: программа Microsoft PowerPoint, мультимедийный проектор, экран компьютер, дидактические материалы, опорные схемы для устного высказывания. Источники информации: сайты в Internet, посвященные достопримечательностям Лондона, его ис-тории, учебники английского языка. Фразы-клише:
Рисунок 1 План урока. 1. Организационный момент. 2. Речевая зарядка. Мотивация учебной деятельности. 3. Проверка домашнего задания. Актуализация опорных знаний. 4. Изучение нового материала. Совершенствование навыков ознакомительного чтения. 5. Первичная проверка усвоения знаний. Развитее навыков монологической речи по опорам. 6. Первичное закрепление знаний. 7. Контроль навыков усвоенного и самопроверка знаний.. 8. Подведение итогов урока. Рефлексия. 9. Домашнее задание. Ход урока I. Организационный момент T: Good morning, children! I’m glad to see you. The topic of the lesson is “The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”. Today at the lesson we are going to speak about the geographical position of the UK, about its capital and sights. The motto of our lesson is “It’s better to see something once than to hear about it a hundred times”. Give a Russian proverb to these words, please. – Yes, thank you. That’s why today at the lesson we’ll try to do so. II. Речевое развитие. But before we start our traveling let's pronounce the words which will be necessary for us: • Double-decker bus • Sights • Abbey • Gallery • Museum • Square • The Tower • a castle • Buckingham Palace • the Thames III. Проверка домашнего задания. Актуализация опорных знаний. Welcome to London! Well, as you know London, is the capital of Great Britain. It's a very big city. London is situated on the river Thames. About 9 ml people live in London. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It is also a very old city. London is 2000 years old. London consists of 3 main parts: the City, the West End and the East End. The City is the Heart of London, it's financial and business centre. There are many banks, offices and firms there. The West End is the riches part of London. The main interesting places are situated there. And the East End is a working part of London. Работа в командах. Составление фотоколлажа «Интересные места Лондона» (Оформляются на 2-х ватманах.) P2: We start our tour from Trafalgar Square. It's the most popular place for people to meet. In the middle of the square there is Nelson's Column, which is 51 m. high. P3: Now we are coming to Buckingham Palace. It is the most famous place in London. It is the home of the Queen. There are 600 rooms in it. It has an indoor swimming pool and a cinema. P4: In front of us you can see the Houses of Parliament and Big Ben. The Houses of Parliament is the seat of the British government. Big Ben is one of the most famous clocks in the world. P5: Look at this Picture! One of the greatest English churches, St. Paul's Cathedral, is not far from the Tower of London. The Famous English architect Sir Christopher Wren built it in the 17th century after the Great Fire. It took Sir Christopher Wren 35 years. It is a beautiful building with many columns and towers. In one of its towers there is one of the largest bells in the world. P6: And this a museum. Madame Tussaud's is a wax museum. It is famous all over the world. There are a lot of kings, queens, politicians and stars. You can see famous people from the past and famous people of today. It is very popular – two million people visit it every year. There are about 4 hundred figures in the museum. P7: Fantastic! And here is the river Thames. London stands on both banks of the river. The Thames is the deepest and most beautiful river in Britain. There are 27 bridges over the Thames and 8 tunnels under it. P8: And now we are crossing Tower Bridge over the river Thames. It is one of the oldest and most beautiful bridges in London. It is more than 100 years. P9: Wow! Look. This is St. Jame's Park. It is one of the royal Parks. It is the oldest and the smallest of the royal parks. It is near Buckingham Palace. There is a lake in St. Jame's Park which is famous for its water birds. You can see pelicans and ducks there. People like to rest in this park. P10: The British Museum. And now you can see the British Museum. It has one of the largest libraries in the world. There are many old books and manuscripts there. Many great people worked in this library. T: Thank you for interesting stories. We'll stop here and you can have a short rest. Our tour has finished. I hope that you have enjoyed this tour of London. All the projects are very interesting. But it is impossible to see all interesting places of London in one day. We shall speak about some of them sometime later. IV. Изучение нового материала. Совершенствование навыков ознакомительного чтения. T: But the whole picture of London will not be completed if we don't mention one more interesting place. I would like you to read about the London Eye. You will have only 5 minutes to look it through and to understand it. Then be ready to do the tasks to it. The London Eye The London Eye is the biggest wheel in Britain. It is also known as the Millennium Wheel. The London Eye is situated on the south bank of the river Thames. It is the tallest observation wheel with 40 km panoramic views on a clear day. The wheel is 135 m high. The architects are David Marks and Julia Bar field. It has 32 cabins for 25 people each. It takes about 30 minutes to climb into the sky. Up, up and away. The London Eye is very popular with tourists because there is a wonderful view from it. The London Eye was opened 8 years ago in 1999. The London Eye will be the Olympic emblem of the Olympic Games in 2012. It is a symbol of London today. New words: • Millennium Wheel – колесо нового тысячелетия; • south bank – южный берег; • observation wheel – колесо обозрения; • panoramic views – панорамный вид; • popular with – популярно среди; • wonderful view – чудесный вид; • the Olympic emblem – олимпийская эмблема. So, task № 1. Look at the text and fund the phrases in it. (На доске вопросы). (Проверка предпочтительна с помощью метода «Поединок») a) крупнейшее колесо b) было открыто c) колесо обозрения d) чудесный вид e) популярно среди туристов f) колесо нового тысячелетия g) олимпийская эмблема Task № 2. Answer some questions. 1) What is the London Eye? 2) Where is it situated? 3) How tall is it? 4) When was it opened? 5) Why is the London Eye so popular with tourist? V. Первичная проверка усвоения знаний. You have just visited many interesting places of London. Let's see how well you know them. We shall see now how attentive you are. Each group will get a test card. Task № 1 Read and match 1. Big Ben a) a castle 2. The Thames b) a museum 3. The Tower of London c) the Queen’s home 4. Hamleys d) a park 5. Madam Tussaud’s e) a wheel 6. Buckingham palace f) a church 7. Hyde Park g) a river 8. The London Eye h) the seat of the government 9. The Houses of Parliament i) a shop 10. Westminster Abbey j) a clock
1. j 6. c 2. g 7. d 3. a 8. e 4. i 9. h 5. b 10. f Task № 2 Mark only "+" or "–" 1. When we talk about London, we think of the Kremlin and Red Square. 2. Buckingham Palace is the home of the Prime Minister. 3. Nelson Column is in Trafalgar Square. 4. Big Ben is the biggest clock. 5. London Zoo is situated in Hyde Park. 1. – 2. – 3. + 4. + 5. – T: Now we are in London, in the capital of Great Britain. And let’s begin our tour around London. London is situated on the river Thames. Here you can see Tower bridge on the river Thames. The most important industrial cities are: Manchester, Bristol, Edinburgh, Birmingham and others. Ox-ford and Cambridge are famous university cities. P1: (Trafalgar Square) Now you can see the geographical center of London - Trafalgar Square. It is also a historical place. In the middle of it there is the famous Nelson Column, which was built in memory of Admiral Nelson’s victory at Trafalgar. P2: (The Houses of Parliament and Big Ben) We are in Westminster now. It is the most important part of London. Here you see the Houses of Parliament. It is the group of buildings, where the House of Lords (палата Лордов) and the House of Commons (палата Общин) sit. It has two towers: The Clock Tower with Big Ben– the bell that strikes the hours inside the great clock of the Houses of Parliament, and the second Tower–the Victoria Tower with the national flag over it. P3: (Westminster Abbey) Opposite the Houses of Parliament is Westminster Abbey, it’s a church. The present building was started in 1245. Most British Kings and Queens were crowned there, and many famous people are buried [berid] there. P4: (Hyde Park) Another interesting sight in the West End is Hyde Park. It is the largest of London parks and is famous for its Speakers’ Corner which attracts a lot of tourists. The West End is full of museums, art galleries, the best theatres, cinemas, expensive clubs and shops. P5: (The British Museum) Another famous place in London is the British Museum, it’s the national museum of Britain, founded in 1753. It has one of the world’s best collections of decorative art and houses many of the world’s greatest treasures. P6: (The National Gallery) Here, there is also the National Gallery. It’s an art gallery with its wonderful collection of western paintings in Britain. It was founded in 1824 and houses one of the most important collections of Italian paintings out-side Italy. P7: (The City) Now, we go to the City, which is a small area, but is the business and commercial heart of London. Very few people live in the City. All the main banks and the offices are situated in the City. In the centre of the City there is the Tower of London, it was founded by William the Conqueror in the 11th century and was used by him as a fortress and a palace. Later, it was made a prison. At last it was transformed into a tourist attraction, a museum. Now it contains no prisoners, it has the Crown treasures and legends. P8: (St. Paul’s Cathedral) Now you can see the main cathedral in London– it’s the St. Paul’s Cathedral. It was designed in 17th century by Christopher Wren. St. Paul’s Cathedral is the main church of London. It’s so big! Londoners treasure it, because many famous people are buried [berid] there, Lord Nelson, for example. P9: (Piccadilly Circus) Now we are on Piccadilly Circus is the busiest square in central London, known for the figure of Eros in the middle, for its lively nightlife and for its flocks of pigeons. It’s used as a meeting place for rallies. That’s why if you are in Piccadilly Circus you can meet very strange- looking young people wearing all kinds of fancy clothes and speaking different languages. P10: (The Buckingham Palace) And at finish of our tour around London – you can see the most popular and attractive place for the tourists – The Buckingham Palace. The Buckingham Palace is the London residence of the British Queen– Elizabeth II. It was built and decorated by the best British designers in 1703, but the Queen likes to stay at her castles outside London. Also here you can see the Guards in sentry boxes outside Buckingham Palace. The Guards are changed every morning. VI. Первичное закрепление знаний. T: Dear guests, our tour around London is finished. Thanks a lot for your reading of the presentation and I hope you have known many interesting facts about London’s sights. Now, I’d like to know how well you remember some facts about London. You have only 5 minutes for this work! And, please, don’t forget about your surnames on the cards, OK? (Раздать карточки) 6. T: Let’s begin the test, I wish you- good luck! Контроль понимания прослушанного текста - работа с карточками. T: Your time is up! Stop your work, please. 7. Повторение пройденной лексики. T: Well, at final of our lesson on theme:” Would you like to go to Britain?” I offer you a game (игра). Here you can see a puzzle and the questions. You should answer the questions, and find the main answer: Why is 999 the most important telephone number in Britain?
Keys: 1. A special ticket which includes travel on buses and the tube. /travelcard 2. A special sign for parking a car or a bike. /meter 3. The name of London underground. /tube 4. Travelling by railway means traveling by … . /train 5. A one-way ticket. /single 6. The busiest airport in Britain. /Heathrow 7. Travelling by air means travelling by … . /plane 8. The name of a tourist bus. /coach 9. A place where you can buy “package” holidays. /agency T: The main word is - emergency (скорая помощь), its phone number is 999. VII. Контроль и самопроверка знаний. T: Let’s discuss what would you like to learn about a country if you were a tourist? P1: I think if I were a tourist I would learn Geography, nature, climate, population, language and cities. What about you? P2: As for me I would learn traditions and customs of that country. And what do you think? P3: In my opinion I’d like to know the political system and Education of a country. And you? P4: To my mind it’s very important to read stories about the history of the country. T: Well, I agree with your opinions. But I think first every tourist must know what kind of people the English are. That’s why I suggest you to listen to the story “The English” by tape. 8. Аудирование рассказа а) Представление незнакомых слов. boastful-хвастливый, vulgar- грубый, easy- going- беспечный, веселый, amiable- любезный, ruthless- безжалостный, to be cautious- быть осторожным. б) Аудирование рассказа в аудиозаписи “The English” Almost every nation has a reputation of some kind. The French are supposed to be gay, and fond of cham-pagne; the Germans – dull, formal, fond of military uniforms, and parades; the Americans – boastful, ener-getic, and vulgar. The English are reputed to be cold, reserved, easy – going, and fond of sports. The English are a nation of stay–at–homes. There is no place like home, they say. The English prefer small houses, built for one family, perhaps with a small garden. The fire is focus of the English home. Other nations go out to cafes or sit round the cocktail bar. For the English it is the open fire and the ceremony of English tea. Even when central heating is installed it is kept so low in the English home that Americans and Russians get chilblains, as the English get nervous head-aches from stuffiness. Foreigners often picture the Englishman dressed in tweeds, smoking a pipe, walking across the open coun-tryside with his dog at his heels. This is the picture of the aristocratic Englishman during his holidays on his country estate. Since most of the open countryside is private there isn’t much left for the others to walk across. The English are considered to be the most amiable people in the world. They can be very ruthless. They have a genius for compromise, but can enforce their idea of compromise on others with surprising effi-ciency. They are generous in small matters but more cautious in big ones. в) Ответить на вопрос: What is the text about? - The text is about: a) The fire that is the focus of English home. b) The picture of the aristocratic family. c) The reputation that the English people have. г) Answer these questions: 1) What are the English reputed to be? a) efficient, fond of parades. b) cold, reserved. c) energetic. 2) What nation is steady, easy- going, and fond of sports? a) the French. b) the Germans. c) the English. 3) What houses do the English prefer? a) small houses, built for one family. b) big houses, built for one family. c) small houses, built for two or more families. 4) What is the focus of the English home? a) the ceremony of English coffee. b) the open fire. c) the ceremony of Indian tea. 5) What is the picture of the aristocratic Englishman? a) dressed in silks, smoking a pipe. b) dressed in tweeds, smoking a pipe. c) dressed in cottons, smoking a pipe. T: Well done. You’ve learned what the English like are. Could you describe the typical Englishman? - Yes, of course. (Ученик описывает “типичного англичанина”). Teacher: That’s quite right! VIII. Подведение итогов урока. Рефлексия. T: OK, now we've returned to Russia, I hope you liked our travel to London. Learning of English proverbs is as important as other things. And at the Russian traditions of coming back home, let's try to remember some of English proverbs, but they are mixed a little. I’d like you to match Russian equivalents to English proverbs:
1. is, home, West, best, or, East. 2. before, business, pleasure. 3. well, is, ends, all, well, that. 4. never, better, than, late. 5. till, put off, what, do, never, today, you, tomorrow, can. 6. are, heads, one, better, two, than. 9. T: At the end of our lesson I’d like to thank you for it. I hope you liked our lesson, also you’ll im-prove your English, and maybe someone go to the real tour around London. Well, at the end of our lesson let's remember everything, what have we done today. IX. Домашнее задание. Homework: at home I offer you to make a presentation of interesting places of UK cities (разные формы – индивидуальная или парная; разные способы оформления и представления). Now, your marks for the lesson… Our lesson is over; See you later and good buy. "When a men is tired of London he is tired of life